Europeans “discovered” the Americas in the 1500’s, but they were proceeded in their discovery by many others who also came and colonized. We do not know the names of these early American natives, but scientists today have classified them into different groups.
|Archaic Period 8000 BC – 1000 BC||Hunter-gatherers|
|Transitional Period 2000 BC – 300 BC||Introduction of fiber-tempered pottery, a hallmark of the Woodland period.|
|Woodland Period 1000 BC – 1000 AD||Permanent settlements with earthworks and mounds. Ceramics are not simply utilitarian, but can be ceremonial and artistic.||The Adena & Hopewell of the mid-western states are possibly Book of Mormon people.|
|Mississippian 1000 AD -1500 AD (European Contact)||These people built the reconstructed temple mound at Fort Walton FL. (Pictured above.|
The Adena people were sedentary farmers of beans, squash and tobacco. They flourished in the areas now comprising Ohio, Kentucky, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Indiana from 1000 BC to 200 AD. Later assimilated by the Hopewell culture (200 BC – 400 AD) who extended their trading networks to the Rocky Mountains in the west and Michigan copper mines in the north. The Adena/Hopewell people are known for their earthworks used for ceremonial, burial, and religious purposes. The most famous mound still in existence today is the Serpent Mound Effigy of Adams County, Ohio.
Above: The Serpent Mound in Ohio graciously provided by Jillis & Cameron.